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R'v-r'3
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Hab jetzt Fachabi!

Gibt's eigentlich gute Texte über Ghettos und Gangs in den USA? Würde da mal gerne was Gutes zu lesen.

Hab kurz vorm Fachabi noch in Englisch ein schlechtes Referat, basierend auf schlechten Dokus gehalten. Gab aber trotzdem ne Eins. Vielleicht kann noch wer was besseres posten, als:



I've heared, that I wouldn't get your attention, if I don't start the speech with a joke. So, even if the topic is nothing to laugh about : You know this one?
What's the only difference in police officers and gang members? - It's against the law to be a gang member.
I try to use an easy language, that you all can follow my thoughts, but I just have 10 minutes time, so it's a little bit compressed. I'll take South L.A. as an example for ghettos in the USA, with its gang structures. So how it started? You should know: not with Rap!
When slavery got abolished the most African Americans had lived in the southern part of the USA. It changed during WW2, because the USA needed a lot of workers, and so even black people could get a job in the industry allover the USA. Many of them moved away with good feelings. In the South, black people often got lynched. … And with the permit to work in the industry, black people saw a chance to take their part of the American Dream. But there were very strict restrictions in which corners of the city minorities should live. The “white” districts should stay “clean”. Sometimes “clean” meant “without Latinos”, sometimes “without Jews” but always “without Negros”. So, black people who could work in L.A. had to settle to South L.A., into the districts Watts, Compton and Inglewood. So, rich and poor African Americans lived there together. They had to! In that time there were many racist white gangs which attacked black people in South L.A.. So black people in L.A. needed organisations for self defense. The first so called black gang got established. “So called gang”, because in fact, gang was just a police term in that time. The so called gangs have called themselves clubs. The first black “club” in L.A. was the Slausons. Named by a park in their hood. … With this, the black youth had their own organisation, with which they could fight back the racists. Now they were many and not just some individuals. … The big Industrialization got to an end. Black people were not needed anymore, because in the most cases, they don't had the qualification for a job in the upcoming technologies, like space-travel, etc.. Factories in South Central closed and their ruins were characterizing South LA from that time on. As I've said, black people in L.A. had to live and work there. And the police had to make sure, that they don't walk into other districts. The ghetto has barriers which you can't see. If you were black and you've crossed the wrong road, you got problems with the police. For the cops, black people were criminal and less worth than White. The black youth felt a lot of hate and self-hatred about this. Self-hatred, because they started to ask themselves, if White Supremacy is a fact and not just racist propagandha. In 1965 with another racist police control, the whole thing erupted into the “Watts Riots”. The black youth in the ghetto hadn't want to accept this discrimination anymore. The consequence: Five days of finest burning and looting, just a few miles away from Hollywood Rocks and the Pacific Coast. During the riots, the police and the national guard killed 25 people. Because of looting, as they said. If you believe this, they got killed because they've stolen some bottles of beer,... . After the riots, African Americans have found a new self esteem. Newspapers from allover the world printed the pictures of the riots. Gang activities in South L.A. seemed to stop. After the riots, many black people organized themselves in Black Power organizations. But the state feared this groups, so the whole movement should get smashed. In a few years, the most of the famous black activists either got into prison or they got killed. In this time a new generation of black people came up. Either they were too young to become members of the Black Power organisations, or they didn't had this backround. So they had to create their own organization again, the Crips. In fact the Crips are not one big gang, they are a kind of network of gangs. First some kind of Black Power organization, but more and more operating in illegal street business. They became many people and wanted to take the control of South L.A.. So other gangs feared for their influence and built an alliance against the Crips, the Bloods. They established different hand signs. And blue clothes for the Crips, red clothes for the Bloods. In the first years this gang colors were very strict. Now you don't have to wear gang colors as a member, but many do. Until now, if you live in a ghetto of the USA you shouldn't wear blue or red clothes if you aren't a gang member. Because some gang members could think, you're from an other gang, the other gang could think you gonna fake gang membership and both may kill you.
In the 70's, the Crips and Bloods set up their territories, which they defend with brutal force. Until now! There are about 300 different gangs of the Bloods and the Crips, which dominate a few blocks each. And which are surrounded by “enemies”. So a bloody circle of violence began. More and more gangs armed themselves with pistols. The guns became bigger and the Bloods had been the first, who armed themselves with automatic weapons like AK47. … Sometimes different gangs of the same organization are enemies, too. Especially in the Crips there are many differencies, e.g. in the strategy. So there's not just a war Crips against Bloods. It's more difficult. And by the way, there are not just gangs of African Americans. E.g. there are big Latino gangs (like “Los Avenidas” from Cypress Park). They are in war with all black people and with different gangs. This mexican gangs are getting more influencial today, because of ethnically changes. If there would live more “European Americans”, there would be gangs operating with an european decent. It's a process of the last 40 years. Generations of gang soldiers grew up. With the years it became family: the grandfather, the father, the uncle and now the son; all are gang members since they're 12 or 13. They know nothing else. From birth on, they've learned to hustle. In 1981 Crack came and made the rest. Many parents forgot their children on Crack. And the gang had always been a big community. The gang boss feeds... his soldiers and so they kill for their gang boss. It's a kind of defending the family. If you live in the ghetto, the whole gang thing controles your lifestyle. Sometimes you don't leave your Block for years. A lot of the black youth of South L.A. had never seen the Pacific Ocean, because the 15 miles are too dangerous. A study says, that in South L.A. there are more children with post-traumatic stress deseases than in Bagdad. If you walk somewhere outside of your block, it can easily happen, that someone with a gun askes you, where you come from. If you say a wrong street, no good. Sometimes they shoot without asking, just because you're there. Sometimes 3 or 4 gangs are using the same gas station, because the territories are not very big. So if you have to buy some fuel, you have to be very careful with everyone at that gas station. You have to look, what the others are doing. Maybe someone shoots or hits you, if you don't watch. ... But the classic incident: A family which don't knows the district tries to take a new way home from a Picnic. And then they drive into a dead end, which is a gang street, but they don't know. On their way back, out of this street, the gang buildes barricades and shoots while the family tries to break through the barricade. For the gang, the family broke into their territory. And they have to be punished for this! One day in the 90's, a baby got killed in one of those incidents. All news printed it, so the state had to react and he thought, that he can stop it with prisons. So there were some raids, some gang bosses got imprisoned, but not many changed. As I've said, the gang is a family thing of three, four generations in South Central or any other ghetto of the USA. And you don't stop it, outside of the family. So the prisons are full and gang wars are continuing, even in 2011. Since the 1990's there are some gang intervention groups, who try to stop the circle of violence, from inside. They are mostly former gang members, which want a future for their community. Some trials of the gang intervention succeeded. Some gangs stopped the war. But others are continuing. There's no support from the state for this gang intervention groups. The state just knows baseball: “Three strikes, you're out!” Cameras, microphones, prisons, prisons, prisons! And by the way: It's good for the state, if the people of the ghettos are fighting against themselves. So they don't fight against the state. The only days nearly without gangs in South L.A. were the days of the Watts Riots, the Black Power Movement and the Rodney King Riots. The days of the gang are, if the people of the ghetto want to arrange themselves with the capitalist society. If they want to make fast money, without any morality. So nobody should wonder, if the gang wars don't stop until there's a real social change. It isn't an american phenomenon. The USA has its specific history with gangs and ghettos, but (surprise, surprise) you find them in every city of the (capitalist) world. If some people have more than they need and others not enough, there are always people trying to take what they need. (Ret Marut aka B. Traven, 1920's) So, unless there's a real social change in the world, there are some ugly corners for the poor in every city. There will never be any alternative for some people to become a criminal, unless there's a real social change in the world.

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Dieser Beitrag wurde 2 mal editiert, zum letzten Mal von R'v-r'3: 29.01.2011 07:50.

29.01.2011 07:47 R'v-r'3 ist offline E-Mail an R'v-r'3 senden Beiträge von R'v-r'3 suchen Nehmen Sie R'v-r'3 in Ihre Freundesliste auf
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the wire

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Zitat:
Original von supakoolpromo an anti-man
alter, du spammst.

29.01.2011 21:39 www.Lea-Won.net ist offline E-Mail an www.Lea-Won.net senden Beiträge von www.Lea-Won.net suchen Nehmen Sie www.Lea-Won.net in Ihre Freundesliste auf
[ei:kei:]
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Lies und kauf das hier: http://books.google.de/books?id=chEfXErP...epage&q&f=false

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"Mitten in der größten Freude und Teilnahme an allgemeinen menschlichen Genüssen muß immer noch ein Funke in dir glühen: Du bist Revolutionär." - Max Hoelz
30.01.2011 13:53 [ei:kei:] ist offline E-Mail an [ei:kei:] senden Homepage von [ei:kei:] Beiträge von [ei:kei:] suchen Nehmen Sie [ei:kei:] in Ihre Freundesliste auf
R'v-r'3
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Themenstarter Thema begonnen von R'v-r'3
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Danke... Aber so wirklich steh ich nicht auf soziologische Theorien. Wird mir der Realität meistens nicht gerecht genug.

Fand eigentlich auch so Dokus wie "Bastards of the Party" nicht ganz schlecht. The wire? Warum hab ich davon noch nie was mitbekommen? Vor allem, weil es da um Baltimore geht, wo meine Großtante lebte und ich schon öfters mal war...

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Chabos wissen wer DJ Bobo ist.

Dieser Beitrag wurde 1 mal editiert, zum letzten Mal von R'v-r'3: 30.01.2011 17:41.

30.01.2011 17:40 R'v-r'3 ist offline E-Mail an R'v-r'3 senden Beiträge von R'v-r'3 suchen Nehmen Sie R'v-r'3 in Ihre Freundesliste auf
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